There, a collection of handprints and animal drawings decorated the ceiling of a cave about 40,000 years ago.Another early cave is Abri Castanet in France, about 37,000 year ago; again, its art is limited to handprints and animal drawings.It is generally a raised area above the rest of the city where the most important sacred and secular buildings are brought together.The buildings on the Athenian Acropolis were important for trade and worship.The chronology of their demise and the extent to which their disappearance overlapped with the earliest colonization of Eurasia by anatomically modern humans, are key questions in Palaeolithic archaeology.Studying the demise of Neanderthals is important in that aspect as it will provide a better understanding and broader insights of the hominin evolution during the Late Pleistocene.
Art in rockshelters is known to have occurred within the past 500 years in many parts of the world, and there is some argument to be made that modern graffiti is a continuation of that tradition.
Archaeological and palaeontological evidence strongly suggest that the initial modern colonization of eastern Europe and central Asia should be related to the spread of techno-complexes assigned to the Initial Upper Palaeolithic.
This first expansion may have started as early as 48 ka cal BP.
One of the most heavily debated topics however remains that of their extinction.
Neanderthals occupied an immense region of Eurasia, stretching from the southern tip of the Iberian Peninsula to the hills of southern Siberia.